Quick Guide on Fire Insurance

Fire Insurance Company

Quick Guide on Fire Insurance   12th Feb 2020

Fire insurance is a contractual agreement between the policyholder and the insurer wherein the insurer in return for consideration or premium agrees to indemnify the policyholder or the insured person for the financial loss that he/she may suffer due to destruction of or damage to property or goods by fire during a specific period. You can buy as well as renew a fire insurance policy in India by online as well as offline ways.

The purchase of fire insurance helps to cover the cost of replacement, repair or reconstruction of the property, but fire insurance is generally not valid in case of war, nuclear risk or any such similar peril. Buying fire insurance is always a good idea because your property is your investment and buying a fire insurance policy will help you recover the damage and loss caused due to fire on your property.

Most of the policies offered by the different insurance providers cover the physical damage caused to your property by the following perils: -

  • Fire
  • Lightning
  • Riot and Strike
  • Earthquake, wind and storm
  • Explosion
  • Smoke damage
  • Sprinkler Damage
  • Damage due to aircraft
  • Bush fire
  • Subsidence, rockslides or landslides
  • Impact damage which may occur due to the impact of road vehicles or animals or rails.
  • There are various types of fire insurance policies that are available in India, depending on the coverage requirement of the individual. The type of fire insurance policy in India you may choose also depends on whether the asset which is being insured is a fixed asset or a non-fixed asset. Depending on the type of asset being insured, insurance providers have different types of fire insurance policies available. The types of policies for fixed assets such as homes are: -

  • Replacement Value Policy - The asset which has been insured is replaced if it is damaged by fire wherein the insurance company pays the replacement value of the damaged property.
  • Reinstatement Value Policy - This is almost similar to the Replacement Value Policy but with an added clause that the insurance company will replace the damaged property to its original condition before the occurrence of the peril. This policy applies to fixed assets like buildings.
  • There are many different types of policies for non-fixed assets, such as: -

  • Specific Policy - This policy covers the loss up to a specific amount which is less than the real value of the property.
  • Comprehensive Policy - Also called ‘All in One’ policy, this policy covers loss due to fire, theft, burglary as well as other third-party damages.
  • Valued Policy - Under this policy, the insured person can recover a fixed amount which was agreed to at the time the policy was bought.
  • Floating Policy - This policy covers loss due to fire to property belonging to the same person but at different places.
  • Valuable Policy - The sum insured is not decided at the time of buying the policy but instead, the claim amount is calculated at the time of loss.
  • Consequential Loss Policy - This policy covers the loss in profit caused due to disruption of the business by damage due to fire.
  • Buying a fire insurance policy for your house or your goods is always a good decision, but you must buy a policy which covers the risk that you face and understand the nature of the asset that you want to insure and then buy an insurance policy accordingly.